The city of Indianapolis has a long and captivating history that dates back to the early 19th century. Founded in 1820, the area where the city is now located was originally the home of the Lenape (nation of Delaware). The Indianapolis Turngemeinde (185), or Turners, merged with other German clubs and became known as the Indianapolis Social Turnverein. This marked the start of a new era for the city, as it was chosen to be the seat of the state's new capital by an act of the Indiana General Assembly. The area where Indianapolis is situated today was once inhabited by the Lenape (nation of Delaware), a native tribe that lived along the White River.
The city has been closely associated with politics since its selection as the seat of the Indiana government in the 1820s, but early in its history it also became a railroad transportation hub for the region and a center for civic and cultural affairs. Details of Indianapolis's early history can be found in the diary of Calvin Fletcher, one of the first prominent residents who was actively involved in the city's civic and business affairs. Religious congregations were established in Indianapolis in the 1820s, with Baptists, Presbyterians, and Methodists being among the first. Other groups, including Episcopalians, Disciples of Christ, Lutherans, Catholics, Congregationalists, Quakers, Universalists, Unitarians, and Jewish congregations were established before the Civil War. In addition to this religious diversity, Indianapolis has a long and illustrious literary history that includes such renowned figures as Booth Tarkington, Kurt Vonnegut, Mari Evans, and many more. The Assembly passed a less exhaustive version of the original bill that consolidated the city and county's budgetary functions.
This allowed for the City-County Council to vote to consolidate the Indianapolis Police Department and the Marion County Sheriff's Department. It also enabled consolidation of the Indianapolis Fire Department with fire departments of individual municipalities based on approval from affected parties. Over time, Indianapolis has developed into a vibrant city with a rich cultural heritage. From its humble beginnings as a small settlement to its current status as a major metropolitan area, Indianapolis has experienced many changes over its 200-year history. Despite these changes, it remains an integral part of Indiana's history and culture.